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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136798 Find in a Library
Title: Attempt at Measuring the Total Monetary Penalty From Drug Convictions: The Importance of an Individual's Reputation
Journal: Journal of Legal Studies  Volume:21  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1992)  Pages:159-187
Author(s): J R Lott Jr
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 29
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study measures the monetary penalty borne by those convicted of drug offenses.
Abstract: The study examined the sentences and the effect of conviction on the offender's legitimate income for persons convicted of Federal violations of heroin and cocaine distribution, importation, and possession in the District of Columbia. The data provide information on the extent of imprisonment, criminal fines and restitution, and the size of the dollar loss associated with conviction. All of the sentencing dates in the sample are within the period from July 1984 to July 1985. Those in the sample were released from supervision by July 1986. Income data include only legitimate sources of income and were obtained from the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts. The principal findings are that the most significant portion of the monetary penalty imposed on offenders takes the form of reduced legitimate earnings once they return to the labor force and that the overall penalty increases dramatically with the level of preconviction income. The estimates of this study indicate that lost postconviction income accounts for between 35 and 96 percent of the total pecuniary penalty borne by the average offender. 4 tables and 38 footnotes
Main Term(s): Punishment
Index Term(s): Drug law offenses; Fines
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