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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136805 Find in a Library
Title: Federal Demonstration Program of Mandatory Drug Testing
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:56  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1992)  Pages:22-28
Author(s): T P Cadigan
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
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NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
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United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program Description (Demonstrative)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article describes the implementation of the Federal demonstration program of mandatory drug testing authorized under the 1988 Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1988, discusses the on-site testing methodologies selected, and provides the statistical results of the program.
Abstract: The act required the Director of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts to establish a program of mandatory drug testing of criminal defendants in eight Federal judicial districts. The program began January 1, 1989. To the extent feasible, drug testing was to be completed prior to the defendant's initial appearance before a judge or magistrate judge. The results of the test were to be included in the pretrial services report presented to the judicial officers. The legislation further provided that, for felony offenses, a mandatory condition of probation or supervised release be no illegal use of any controlled substances and submission to periodic drug tests for use of controlled substances at least once every 60 days. Of the various on-site testing methodologies available, the Probation and Pretrial Services Division selected the immunoassay technique. The initial screen performed was the same for pretrial services defendants at all sites. The initial screen tested for the presence of six drugs: amphetamines, benzodiazepines, cannabinoids, cocaine, opiates, and phencyclidine. In the pretrial phase, any positive results were retested on the on-site equipment prior to the defendant's initial appearance. In the postconviction phase, all initial screens and confirmations were performed by the contractor. Statistical results presented from the pretrial phase address defendants who refused to participate, drugs identified, tests for persons released on pretrial services supervision, and the effects of drug testing on pretrial release and detention rates. Other data pertain to demographic characteristics of defendants who participated in initial appearance testing and the postconviction phase of the demonstration project. Conclusions from the data are presented. 7 tables
Main Term(s): Pretrial drug testing
Index Term(s): Federal programs; Parole supervision; Pretrial release
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