skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 136834 Find in a Library
Title: Efficacy of Medical Model and Alternative Substance Abuse Treatment for Resistant, Delinquent Youth
Journal: AAOP (Addictions Association of Pennsylvania) Journal  Volume:4  Issue:2  Dated:(Spring 1992)  Pages:6-10
Author(s): R E Dawson
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 5
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article examines problems and issues of the juvenile justice and drug and alcohol systems in the treatment of resistant, substance dependent, delinquent youth.
Abstract: The evaluation research on traditional medical model treatment shows high drop-out and relapse rates along with limited impact on polydrug users. Outdoor challenge programs have been used as an alternative strategy within the context of Opponent-Process theory and the therapeutic use of stress. The Opponent-Process theory assumes that for some reason the brains of all mammals are organized to oppose or suppress many types of emotional arousals or hedonic processes, whether they are pleasurable or aversive. As this theory applies to addiction, a critical juncture in the development of addiction occurs when the substance user realizes that withdrawal symptoms can be averted by self-dosing. Wilderness programs may help overcome addiction by building confidence in abusers that they can overcome stressful events. By guiding participants through challenging events and activities, wilderness programs produce improved self-esteem, stress-management skills, group cooperation, and improved physical health. Poor coping skills and low self-esteem contribute to substance abuse. Attitudinal and behavioral changes that result from learning under positive stress may be potent, generalized, and long-lasting. 37 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug treatment
Index Term(s): Juvenile drug abusers; Wilderness programs
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=136834

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.