skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 136845 Find in a Library
Title: Relationship Between Delinquency and IQ
Author(s): J R Davis
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Literature Review
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Prior to the 1930's, low IQ was believed to be associated with delinquency; today, most textbooks in the field maintain that there is no relationship between the two variables. However, this literature review reveals that numerous recent empirical studies have claimed an indirect relationship through a variety of school and social variables.
Abstract: The research has suggested that many other variables intervene between IQ and delinquency including peer influence, attitudes toward teachers and school, perception of educational competence, labeling, differential opportunity, type of offense, family background, and cognitive factors. However, the debate over the link between IQ and delinquency is not over as some experts believe; there is a direct relationship outside of socioeconomic status and race, while others believe there is no relationship at all. Continuing research in this area is needed to test all the possible models. The author recommends that schools institute policies to raise their students' IQ wherever possible, that schools ensure that their programs meet the individual needs of low-IQ students, that capable delinquents be encouraged to attend school and college, and that the validity of IQ tests be further researched. 3 notes and 25 references
Main Term(s): Intelligence-crime relationships; Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): School influences on crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.