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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136852 Find in a Library
Title: Running Away: How Has the DSO Movement Fared in the 1980's?
Author(s): K A Joe
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: California Attorney General's Office
Sacramento, CA 95814
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In recent years, there has been increasing public attention paid to the problems of runaway and homeless youth. These concerns are being heard in the public policy arena where there is considerable controversy over the impact of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 and subsequent deinstitutionalization of status offenders (DSO).
Abstract: The Act delineated three primary goals including the removal of status offenders from secure detention, the removal of juveniles from adult facilities, and the creation of community-based alternatives to replace the traditional use of secure detention and correctional facilities for juveniles. Achievement of these goals would be the result of an approach combining deinstitutionalization and diversion. However, the reform actually had three unintended effects of widening the net of social control by police: releasing to parents, referring to the juvenile court, and referring to DSO or diversion programs. This author examines the current status of runaways in San Francisco and in Los Angeles by analyzing quantitative data collected from police reports and conducting qualitative interviews with law enforcement and youth service officers. She concludes that the police operate under considerable legal constraints and that it is doubtful that police can be faulted either for neglecting youthful runaways or for exerting excessive control over them. 2 tables, 2 notes, and 27 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act; Runaways
Index Term(s): California; Homeless children; Police juvenile diversion; Status offender deinstitutionalization
Note: Presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, San Francisco, November 20-23, 1991.
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