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NCJ Number: 136854 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Over-Representation of Minority Youth in the California Juvenile Justice System
Author(s): J Austin; J Dimas; D Steinhart
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 56
Sponsoring Agency: California Office of Criminal Justice Planning
Sacramento, CA 95814
Carter Ctr
Atlanta, GA 30307
Grant Number: JE 90011079-00
Sale Source: Carter Ctr
One Copenhill
453 Freedom Parkway
Atlanta, GA 30307
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study involved a review of available Federal, State, and local data on minority youth incarceration in California and the construction of a local profile of how minority youth were processed in four target counties.
Abstract: Between 1985 and 1989, the number of minority youth incarcerated in California increased by about 50 percent, while the number of incarcerated white youth decreased by approximately 10 percent. Black juveniles were significantly over-represented at every stage of juvenile justice processing. Even though they represented less than 9 percent of the State youth population, black youth accounted for 19 percent of juvenile arrests and for an even larger share of the State's incarcerated juvenile population. Hispanic juveniles represented 34 percent of all youth arrested in 1989 and had a 34-percent share of the California youth population. Asian American youth had a 10-percent share of the youth population, but were under-represented at all stages of juvenile justice processing. Analysis of minority youth representation in secure facilities in the four target counties (San Francisco, Los Angeles, Merced, and Sacramento) confirmed the preceding statewide patterns. Causes for disparities in minority youth processing included institutional racism within the juvenile justice system, social and environmental factors, language and cultural barriers, drug abuse and drug sales, failure of the school system, family dysfunction, budget cuts and declining resources, and lack of alternatives to incarceration. Solutions to the over-representation of minority groups are offered as well as recommended State law and policy changes. 18 tables
Main Term(s): Minority juvenile offenders
Index Term(s): Asian Americans; Black/African Americans; California; Hispanic Americans; Juvenile inmates; Racial discrimination
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