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NCJ Number: 136857 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Measuring Impulsivity and Examining Its Relationship to Delinquency
Author(s): J L White; T E Moffitt; A Caspi; D J Needles; M Stouthamer-Loeber
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 49
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: MH45548; 86-JN-CX-0009
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A battery of impulsivity measures was administered to over 400 adolescent boys in order to better understand and operationalize the construct of impulsivity and the possible link between impulsivity and delinquent behavior.
Abstract: Subjects were participants in the Pittsburgh Youth Study, a high-risk longitudinal survey of the causes and correlates of early forms of delinquency. The sample was randomly selected from 4th grade boys enrolled in Pittsburgh public schools. Subjects participated in a 90-minute impulsivity and cognitive testing session. Factor analysis of 12 different impulsivity measures revealed two different types of impulsivity, cognitive and behavioral. Cognitive and behavioral impulsivity had differential relations with several criterion variables. Cognitive impulsivity was more strongly associated with socioeconomic status and intelligence than was behavioral impulsivity. On the other hand, behavioral impulsivity was more strongly related to delinquency at ages 10 and 12-13 years than was cognitive impulsivity. The results also indicated that both cognitive and behavioral impulsivity types were positively and significantly associated with serious delinquency that was stable over time. Behavioral impulsivity, however, was especially important for delinquency of this kind. 88 references, 8 tables, and 2 figures
Main Term(s): Forensic psychology; Juvenile delinquency factors
Index Term(s): Longitudinal studies; Male juvenile delinquents; Pennsylvania
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