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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136894 Find in a Library
Title: Neighborhood Policing
Journal: Law Enforcement Technology  Volume:19  Issue:5  Dated:(May 1992)  Pages:26-30
Author(s): C A Gruber
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 5
Type: Program Description (Demonstrative)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: An experimental program initiated in 1991 in Elgin, Ill. places police officers as residents in communities with high crime rates as a new means of providing community policing.
Abstract: The Resident Officer Program is one of three parts of the Elgin police agency's approach to crime control. Three police officers volunteered to move into neighborhoods or apartment complexes characterized by drug law offenses, shootings, gangs, and other problems. The police officers became both neighbors and police officers, eliminating citizens' feelings of abandonment and concerns about personal safety and improving public attitudes toward their neighborhoods. The program began with the addition of a 5-member police team to a neighborhood. The department then opened two police substations in troubled areas of the city. The success of the substations led to the establishment of the Resident Officer Program. The police officers have become acquainted with community residents and helped individuals in many personal ways. One officer passed out a questionnaire asking residents to identify problems. The 2-year program is part of a long-term process to improve community relations with the police and improve deteriorating neighborhoods. Photographs
Main Term(s): Community policing; Police housing programs
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Illinois; Police effectiveness; Police-citizen interactions; Policing innovation
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