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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136928 Find in a Library
Title: Pattern, Severity, and Aetiology of Injuries in Victims of Assault
Journal: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine  Volume:83  Dated:(February 1990)  Pages:75-78
Author(s): J P Shepherd; M Shapland; N X Pearce; C Scully
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 4
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: A sample of 539 (455 men and 84 women) adult victims of assault who sought treatment in a major city hospital emergency room in the United Kingdom was studied to determine the pattern, severity, and etiology of their injuries.
Abstract: Facial injury was the most common, comprising 83 percent of all fractures, 66 percent of all lacerations, and 53 percent of all hematomas. The upper limb was the next most common site of injury, appearing in 14 percent of the cases. Twenty-six percent of the victims sustained at least one fracture, most commonly broken noses, followed by zygomatic, mandibular body, angle, and condyle fractures. Seventeen percent of the victims were admitted to the hospital. Overall, the type of injury correlated with the weapon used, even though one-fifth of the victims who reported attacks with sharp weapons suffered only hematomas or fractures. Injury most often resulted from punching (72 percent) and kicking (42 percent); victims who had been kicked most often required hospitalization. Six percent reported knife injuries, while 11 percent were injured by broken drinking glasses. 5 tables and 12 references
Main Term(s): Aggravated assault; Injury investigations
Index Term(s): Blunt force trauma injuries; Crime in foreign countries; United Kingdom (UK); Weapons
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