skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 136934 Find in a Library
Title: Analysis of State Rape Shield Laws
Journal: Social Science Quarterly  Volume:72  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1991)  Pages:774-788
Author(s): J E Call; D Nice; S M Talarico
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 15
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A survey of State rape shield laws revealed five categories of statute: those that admit sexual history evidence on a showing of relevance, those that admit sexual history evidence with a hearing on admissibility, those that give trial courts general discretion in admitting sexual history evidence, those that generally prohibit the introduction of sexual history evidence with the exception of a few defined situations, and those that prohibit the introduction of sexual history evidence with the above exceptions and only after a hearing.
Abstract: Thirty-four States have strong rape shield laws, while 16 have weak shield laws. This study examined the characteristics that could account for the differences between weak and strong shield provisions. The research focused on five types of predictors: the extensiveness of crime in the State, State ideological orientation, perspectives on women, socioeconomic characteristics, and the judicial environment. The analysis indicated that rape shield laws reflect the influence of characteristics that also shape other policy decisions. The findings also noted the role of population density in shaping rape shield laws. 2 tables and 23 references
Main Term(s): Rape victim shield laws; Rules of evidence
Index Term(s): State laws
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=136934

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.