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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136956 Find in a Library
Title: Exploratory Study of Present and Potential Relations Between Community Policing and Neighborhood Justice Centers
Author(s): J Richardson
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In recent years, law enforcement agencies and the judicial system have been moving to reorient their efforts to be more responsive to individual neighborhoods, and the advent of innovative concepts such as community policing (CP) and neighborhood justice (NJ) centers are beginning to give a considerable amount of autonomy to the community.
Abstract: During the 1980's, the increase in drug use transformed inner city neighborhoods into war zones and open drug markets. Citizens and police departments across the country began to realize that the crime and drug problem could not be solved by the police without assistance. Citizens now conduct many crime prevention tasks and also serve as the "eyes and ears" of police/community operations to combat the drug problem. Many communities have formed partnerships between police and citizen groups. As a result, the concept of CP is emerging as a permanent community institution. Another problem that developed in the 1970's involved increasing caseloads and the inability of courts to properly handle minor criminal and civil matters. Neighborhood justice centers were designed to mediate and settle minor disputes and bypass the formal court process. Although this approach has been quite successful, a large part of its success is attributed to the court referral system. Surveys of NJ centers and CP programs indicate that NJ practitioners advocate joint relations with CP programs, whereas CP officials have mixed views on the idea of joint CP/NJ programs. Recommendations to improve relations between CP and NJ programs are offered. 1 reference
Main Term(s): Community policing; Neighborhood justice centers
Index Term(s): Court case flow management; Drug law enforcement
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