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NCJ Number: 136966 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Alcohol and Drug Abuse-Dependence Disorders in Psychopathic and Nonpsychopathic Criminal Offenders
Journal: Journal of Abnormal Psychology  Volume:99  Issue:4  Dated:(1990)  Pages:430-439
Author(s): S S Smith; J P Newman
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: MH37711
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The co-occurrence of psychopathy and lifetime alcohol and drug disorders was examined in a sample of 360 male inmates at a minimum security State correctional facility in southern Wisconsin.
Abstract: Inmates were nominated for the study by selecting every fifth name on the institution's roster. Psychopathy was assessed with the Psychopathy Checklist, and lifetime alcohol and drug disorders were assessed using the National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule. The results of co-occurrence analysis clearly indicated that incarcerated psychopaths were at increased risk for lifetime alcohol and drug disorders. In addition, a higher percentage of psychopaths abused multiple drugs when compared with nonpsychopaths. An examination of the relation between substance abuse and factors on the Psychopathy Checklist revealed that substance abuse was significantly related to general social deviance, but was not related to core personality features of psychopathy. Two possible models of psychopathy are presented, unitary syndrome versus dual diathesis models, that may account for the association between psychopathy and substance abuse. 53 references and 5 tables
Main Term(s): Psychopaths
Index Term(s): Alcohol abuse; Drug abuse; Psychological evaluation; Psychological influences on crime; Wisconsin
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