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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 136986 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Concurrent Validity of a Crime-Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Scale for Women Within the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised
Journal: Violence and Victims  Volume:6  Issue:3  Dated:(Fall 1991)  Pages:191-199
Author(s): C M Arata; B E Saunders; D G Kilpatrick
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 84-IJ-CX-0039
Type: Measurement/Evaluation Device
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A total of 266 adult women who had experienced at least one incident of victimization were administered the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), the Impact of Event Scale (IES), and a structured clinical interview to identify Crime-Related Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (CR-PTSD).
Abstract: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is described in DSM-III-R (American Psychiatric Association, 1987) as a disorder where, following an event outside the range of usual human experiences, a person re-experiences the traumatic event (for example, intrusive thoughts, nightmares, or flashbacks) and has symptoms of emotional numbing/avoidance (for example, avoidance of reminders of the trauma or diminished interest in activities) and increased physiological arousal (for example, sleep difficulty or hypervigilance). The SCL-90-R is a 90-item self-report symptom inventory designed to assess current psychological symptom patterns. Each item is a description of a psychological symptom and is rated by respondents on a 5-point scale as having caused no discomfort. Based on responses to the SCL-90-R, a PTSD scale was derived to use as an experimental screening measure for CR-PTSD. The IES is a 15-item self-report inventory designed to measure the extent to which a given stressful life event produces subjective distress. In structured interviews, the Incident Report Interview was used to identify incidents of criminal victimization. Both the SCL-90-R and the IES improved prediction of CR-PTSD above base rates and to perform in a similar manner. The utility of each of these scales as a screening measure is discussed. 3 tables and 26 references
Main Term(s): Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
Index Term(s): Female victims; Psychological victimization effects
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