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NCJ Number: 137064 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Child Witness in Florida (From Child Trauma I Issues and Research, P 167-192, 1992, Ann Wolbert Burgess, ed. -- See NCJ-137060)
Author(s): G J McAvoy
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: Garland Publishing, Inc.
New York, NY 10003-3304
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: MC-CX-K001
Sale Source: Garland Publishing, Inc.
19 Union Square
West Floor 8
New York, NY 10003-3304
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This chapter reports on the author's legal analysis of Florida's procedural measures for child witnesses designed to reduce trauma to the child witness; this study can guide other jurisdictions in the adoption of trauma-reducing laws.
Abstract: Florida is classified as a "progressive" State in the protections it affords child witnesses. Florida legislators have codified more than 30 trauma-reducing procedures over the past 10 years. Additionally, Florida's courts have been sympathetic to the child witness in a number of recent appellate court rulings. Legal practitioners within the State receive continuing legal education courses on the topic of the child witness. This report is a first-draft compendium of an unofficial code and case law study for use in Florida's communities by professionals who work with child witnesses. This compilation can reduce the amount of time judges, attorneys, police, clinicians, and others involved with children must spend to find and interpret child witness law in the State. The review of trauma-reducing statutes and rules focuses on rules of criminal procedure, juvenile procedure, termination of parental rights, dissolution of marriage, evidence, records, criminal proceedings, criminal procedure and corrections, and victim assistance. The review of relevant case law concerns confrontation, credibility, excited utterances or spontaneous statements, expert witnesses, and physical examination of the child. The discussion of discretionary measures considers judicial discretion and attorney discretion.
Main Term(s): Juvenile witnesses
Index Term(s): Children in the courtroom; Florida; Victim reactions to the Criminal Justice System; Victim-witness legislation
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