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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 137102 Find in a Library
Title: Gangs and Schools
Author(s): R Arthur
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 202
Sponsoring Agency: Learning Publications, Inc
Holmes Beach, FL 34218-6651
Publication Number: ISBN 1-55691-036-3
Sale Source: Learning Publications, Inc
Marketing Manager
P.O. Box 1338
5351 Gulf Drive
Holmes Beach, FL 34218-6651
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Several frightening trends concerning street gangs indicate their growing influence on young children and their growing presence in the nation's schools: the increasing age range of gang members; the employment of young children in illegal gang activities including drug trafficking; and the affiliation of middle class youth, rural youth, and youth from varied ethnic backgrounds with gangs.
Abstract: The resources of youth gangs are reflected in their ownership of expensive cars, real estate, communications system, international connections, and large amounts of cash. Increasingly, gangs are stockpiling large reserves of weapons including firearms, and they promote a value system which encourages the use of these weapons. Schools are often the focal point of drug deals and acts of extreme violence; a large proportion of gang recruitment occurs on school grounds. In the face of gang power, schools are becoming unable to protect their students; lower educational achievement and higher drop out rates are becoming the norm. This author maintains, however, that schools hold out the best, and perhaps only, hope of reducing the attractiveness of gangs through the bonding of students to teachers, to classrooms, to schools, and to their communities. This bonding can be encouraged while preparing students with the knowledge, skills, and values to make productive life choices.
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs; School influences on crime
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
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