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NCJ Number: 137110 Find in a Library
Title: Cross-National Comparisons and Context-Specific Trends in Criminal Homicide
Journal: Journal of Crime and Justice  Volume:14  Issue:2  Dated:(1991)  Pages:71-95
Author(s): P H Wikstrom
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 25
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on Marvin Wolfgang's Patterns in Criminal Homicide, this paper compares, from a cross-national perspective, similarities and differences in the patterns of homicide in Philadelphia (1948-1952) and Stockholm, Sweden (1951-1959). The paper also discusses changes in the Stockholm homicide trend between 1951 and 1987.
Abstract: The basic question which emerges from the cross- national comparison is why homicide is so much more prevalent in Philadelphia than in Stockholm. In particular, three trends stand out: the high rates of blacks killing blacks; of inter-male killings; and of homicides involving weapons, usually guns or knives. Murderers in Philadelphia tend to be younger and have a longer criminal history, and more criminal homicides occur within circles of friends and acquaintances in Philadelphia than in Stockholm. A final factor that appears in the comparison is the relationship between slums and criminal homicide, a factor which Wolfgang does not discuss. Between 1951 and 1987, family homicides in Stockholm peaked in the late 1960's and early 1970's. Non- family homicides in residences was the single context with the greatest increase over the reporting period. Homicides in public places showed only a weak increase over the period, peaking in the late 1970's. 2 tables, 10 figures, 6 notes, and 17 references
Main Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Homicide trends
Index Term(s): Sweden; US/foreign comparisons
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=137110

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