skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 137110 Find in a Library
Title: Cross-National Comparisons and Context-Specific Trends in Criminal Homicide
Journal: Journal of Crime and Justice  Volume:14  Issue:2  Dated:(1991)  Pages:71-95
Author(s): P H Wikstrom
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 25
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on Marvin Wolfgang's Patterns in Criminal Homicide, this paper compares, from a cross-national perspective, similarities and differences in the patterns of homicide in Philadelphia (1948-1952) and Stockholm, Sweden (1951-1959). The paper also discusses changes in the Stockholm homicide trend between 1951 and 1987.
Abstract: The basic question which emerges from the cross- national comparison is why homicide is so much more prevalent in Philadelphia than in Stockholm. In particular, three trends stand out: the high rates of blacks killing blacks; of inter-male killings; and of homicides involving weapons, usually guns or knives. Murderers in Philadelphia tend to be younger and have a longer criminal history, and more criminal homicides occur within circles of friends and acquaintances in Philadelphia than in Stockholm. A final factor that appears in the comparison is the relationship between slums and criminal homicide, a factor which Wolfgang does not discuss. Between 1951 and 1987, family homicides in Stockholm peaked in the late 1960's and early 1970's. Non- family homicides in residences was the single context with the greatest increase over the reporting period. Homicides in public places showed only a weak increase over the period, peaking in the late 1970's. 2 tables, 10 figures, 6 notes, and 17 references
Main Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Homicide trends
Index Term(s): Sweden; US/foreign comparisons
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.