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NCJ Number: 137115 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: State-to-State Differences in Social Inequality and Social Bonds in Relation to Assaults on Wives in the United States
Author(s): M A Strauss
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Mental Health
Bethesda, MD 20852
Grant Number: T32 MH15161; RO1MH40027
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A multivariate model of the social causes of wife assault was tested using the 50 States as societal units.
Abstract: The theoretical focus is on three of the most frequently discussed explanation of differences between societies regarding rate of wife beating. The feminist patriarchal society theory and the conflict theory concern social stratification, whereas the third theory focuses on social integration versus disorganization. Husband-to-wife assault rates were regressed on indexes to measure gender equality, income inequality, and social disorganization plus variables controlling for percent of population residing in urban areas, percent of blacks of a State population, percent of population between 18-24 years of age, percent single males age 15, and percent of the paid labor force unemployed. Analyses of data showed significant relationships using the gender equality and social disorganization indexes. On the other hand, income inequality was not related to the rate of wife assault. These findings are consistent with the feminist theory and social disorganization and control theories of deviance. In particular, these data show that the greater the degree of inequality between men and women and the greater the extent of social disorganization, the higher the rate of assault on wives. 29 references, 4 notes, 4 tables, and 3 figures
Main Term(s): Battered wives; Domestic assault
Index Term(s): Conflict theory; Social control theory; State-by-state analyses
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