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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 137120 Find in a Library
Title: Study in Scarlet: Criminal DNA Typing Reaches the Courts and Legislatures
Journal: Journal of Law and Politics  Volume:51  Issue:4  Dated:(Summer 1990)  Pages:755-825
Author(s): E G Burley
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 71
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The most recent developments in DNA typing for forensic investigations are addressed, and policy issues regarding the use of DNA identification are explored.
Abstract: The technology of DNA typing is explained together with the accuracy of claims and the controversies surrounding their computation. However, because the theory of DNA typing is based on the general concepts of DNA structure, information on DNA theory precedes the more specific applications for criminal investigations. Evidentiary standards for evaluating DNA results in the context of case law are then discussed together with the use of DNA evidence in both paternity and criminal cases. Some practical trial considerations are outlined as a guide for both prosecution and defense use of DNA evidence in the courtroom. In addition, the political policy issues of DNA fingerprinting are examined with a focus on privacy considerations, the effect on the criminal justice systems, and the role of legislatures. In the conclusion, political policy tensions in the cases are summarized, and monitoring and control devices are suggested to regulate the future growth of DNA technology. 3 figures and 351 notes
Main Term(s): DNA fingerprinting
Index Term(s): Case histories; Rules of evidence; Suspect identification
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