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NCJ Number: 137152 Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Alcohol on Human Aggression: An Integrative Research Review
Journal: Psychological Bulletin  Volume:107  Issue:3  Dated:(1990)  Pages:341-352
Author(s): B J Bushman; H M Cooper
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 12
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This review used quantitative and qualitative techniques to integrate the alcohol and aggression literature in order to determine if a causal relation exists between alcohol and aggression.
Abstract: The main meta-analysis included 30 experimental studies that used between-subjects designs, male confederates, and male subjects who were social drinkers. Studies using other designs or subject populations were integrated with meta-analytic procedures when possible and were summarized descriptively when not. Evidence from the main meta-analysis indicated that alcohol caused aggressive behavior. In addition, alcohol appeared to influence aggressive behavior as much or more than it influenced other social and nonsocial behavior. Several theories or explanations of intoxicated aggression are discussed, and certain suggestions are offered to guide future alcohol and aggression research. If a balanced placebo design is not used, a control condition should be added to a placebo design. The alcohol versus control comparison may provide the best estimate of the effects of alcohol on aggression. Those who use antiplacebo and placebo conditions should take special steps to ensure that beverage manipulations are successful. Attention should also be paid to variables that can potentially moderate alcohol effects, and researchers should continue to test and develop theories of intoxicated aggression. 81 references and 4 tables (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Aggression; Alcohol-crime relationship
Index Term(s): Behavior modification; Drug effects; Problem behavior
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=137152

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