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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 137184 Find in a Library
Title: Inmates With Developmental Disabilities in New York State Correctional Facilities
Corporate Author: New York State
Cmssn on the Quality of Care for the Mentally Disabled
United States of America
Project Director: L Trojnor; N Ray; T Harmon
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 83
Sponsoring Agency: New York State
Albany, NY 12210
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report complies with the New York State Legislature's request of the Commission on Quality of Care for the Mentally Disabled to provide a reliable estimate of the number of persons with developmental disabilities in the State prison system and to assess current practices for the identification of such inmates and meeting their needs.
Abstract: The study was based on the testing of a random sample of 294 of the approximately 42,000 inmates in State prisons in 1988. The study of the sample involved a comprehensive review of inmate records, administration of the adaptive Behavior Scale and the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, identification of at-risk sample inmates, and expert clinical reviews. The study found that, contrary to many estimates, a relatively small proportion of inmates are developmentally disabled (defined as persons with significant limitation in at least three of the following seven life skill areas: self-care, receptive and expressive language, learning, mobility, self-direction, independent living, and economic self-sufficiency). The battery of academic achievement tests and the Revised Beta IQ test administered to all incoming inmates is apparently unreliable in the identification of developmentally disabled inmates; however, correctional officers in the reception centers identify approximately half of the inmates with developmental disabilities for additional testing or placement in special units. The vast majority of the inmates with developmental disabilities are "mainstreamed" into the general population of State prisons. Approximately 10 percent of the inmates with developmental disabilities are housed in two special units reserved for inmates who are determined, based on their disabilities and behaviors, to be at high risk of harm if placed in the general population. Recommendations for the correctional management of developmentally disabled inmates are offered. 15 figures, 41-item bibliography, and appended study instruments
Main Term(s): Mentally ill inmates
Index Term(s): Inmate treatment; Learning disabilities; New York
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