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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 139874 Find in a Library
Title: Do the Stereotypes Fit? Mapping Gender-Specific Outcomes and Risk Factors
Journal: Criminology  Volume:30  Issue:3  Dated:(August 1992)  Pages:397-419
Author(s): M Dornfeld; C Kruttschnitt
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 23
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The National Longitudinal Survey of Youth assessed whether and how marital discord, marital stability and change, harsh discipline, and maternal deviance affected delinquency, alcohol use, and depression for both males and females.
Abstract: The initial youth cohort sample included 12,686 men and women between 14 and 21 years of age obtained from two sampling frames, a cross-section of youth in the civilian and military population and an oversampling of black, Hispanic, and economically disadvantaged whites. Interviews with this cohort were conducted each year starting in 1979. Following the 1984 survey round, the military component (1,280) was deleted from the sample. By 1988, the original female cohort ranged in age from 23 to 30 years, and 61 percent had children. A final sample of 681 older youth completed a self-administered questionnaire. Multivariate analysis revealed that, although females generally displayed more vulnerability to specific dimensions of family life than males, responses to these risk factors were not constrained to gender-stereotypic outcomes. Marital discord, recent marital disruption, and to a lesser extent living in a single-parent home appeared to amplify female delinquency. Family risk factors did not exert a greater influence on alcohol use by boys versus girls, but living in a stable, single-parent household was a gender-specific risk for girls. Despite the fact that boys reported drinking more often than girls and engaging in more delinquency, their involvement in deviant activities appeared to be relatively independent of their families. In contrast, recent divorce, marital discord, and prolonged single parenthood placed girls at considerable risk for antisocial behavior. 76 references, 2 tables, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Home environment; Parent-Child Relations
Index Term(s): Childhood depression; Deviance; Juvenile delinquency factors; Longitudinal studies; Male female juvenile offender comparisons; Underage Drinking
Note: Draft of paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, 1991, San Francisco
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