skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 139915 Find in a Library
Title: Predictors of Adolescent Drug Use: Differences by Sex and Race
Author(s): N Graham
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 55
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data obtained from a sample of 1,247 sixth through ninth grade students at four public schools in Charleston, South Carolina, were used to examine the relationship between known risk factors for adolescent drug use and gender and race differences. The sample was 66 percent black.
Abstract: The study combined a cross-sectional research design with data at two points in time. The findings showed that the observed gender effect on drug use was mediated by risk factors such as rebellious behavior, attitudes favoring drug use, and grade point average. However, this mediating effect was not found for the relationship of race to drug use; instead, race was found to be a significant predictor of drug use even after controlling for known risk factors. The author notes that these findings indicate there may be other factors, correlated with race but not included in this study, which would explain the effect of race on drug use. The results supported several hypotheses: that males are more likely to exhibit pro-drug attitudes, rebellious behavior, socialized aggression, and peer drug modeling; that whites are higher than blacks on peer drug modeling and pro-drug use attitudes; and that whites are lower than blacks on self-esteem. Future research planned by this author would add 11 other dependent measures into the equations and will assess whether the potency of various risk factors differs by gender and race. 6 tables and 73 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile drug use
Index Term(s): Adolescents at risk; Black/White Attitude Comparisons; Gender issues; South Carolina
Note: Presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Criminology, New Orleans, Louisiana, November 5, 1992.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=139915

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.