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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 139963 Find in a Library
Title: Closing the Market: Controlling the Drug Trade in Tampa, Florida
Author(s): D M Kennedy
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program Description (Demonstrative)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The police department Tampa, Florida, instituted a program called Quick Uniform Attack on Drugs (QUAD) in order to restore public order and community safety by suppressing street drug markets. The program did not attempt to stop Tampa's drug trade, jail dealers, or seize drugs or assets.
Abstract: In 1985, crack made its first appearance in Tampa. Until then, drug trafficking was primarily conducted in out-of-the-way places, but the crack dealers proliferated in lower income, predominantly black sections, then spread to more prosperous neighborhoods as dealers catered to drive-by customers. Turf fights over 61 prime "dope holes" were common, as was high-powered weapons use. Reported crime soared from 11,736 to 16,481 index crimes per 100,000 residents. The police department created a task force which arrested thousands of dealers without improving the situation. QUAD was designed to crack down simultaneously on all of Tampa's dope holes, making it very difficult for dealers to sell and for buyers to buy drugs. The program's key elements included a citywide strategy, long-term commitment, adequate resource allocation, citizen involvement, guaranteed response to every citizen complaint, involvement of officers from all bureaus of the department and officials of other municipal agencies, constant monitoring of conditions in the city, and active media support. Within 6 months of using tactics that included pressure on consumers, forced displacement of dealers, huge numbers of arrests, and artful market disruption, the police department and city residents were seeing positive results and nearly all the dope holes had closed down. 25 notes
Main Term(s): Crack; Drug law enforcement units
Index Term(s): Community involvement; Controlled Substances; Florida; Policing innovation
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