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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 139966 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of Arizona Pretrial Services Drug Testing Programs: Final Report
Author(s): M R Gottfredson; C L Britt III; J Goldkamp
Corporate Author: University of Arizona
United States of America

University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign
Dept of Sociology
United States of America

Temple University
Dept of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1990
Page Count: 72
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Temple University
Philadelphia, PA 19122
University of Arizona
Tucson, AZ 85721
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign
Urbana, IL 61801
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 88-IJ-CX-K003
Publication Number: ICPSR 9807
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: HTML|PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Two pretrial drug testing programs in Arizona were evaluated to determine their effects on pretrial misconduct. Data set archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data, located at URL
Abstract: The programs operated in Pima County and Maricopa County and sought to reduce pretrial misconduct by systematic urine testing of defendants, including periodic monitoring of releasees through drug testing and sanctions for noncompliance. In each site, two phases of research were conducted. In the first phase, a sample of defendants was tested for drug use and followed in the community. The second phase involved experiments in which some defendants were assigned randomly to either ordinary release conditions or periodic drug testing with sanctions for noncompliance. Results of both phases of the research indicated that monitoring does not substantially affect pretrial misconduct. Findings indicated that programs of this type should anticipate only small effects, if any, on pretrial misconduct; that other methods probably work as well as drug tests; that sanctioning systems for drug test failures during the pretrial period are difficult to implement; and that pretrial drug screening is costly. Tables, figures, 5 references, and appended coding information
Main Term(s): Pretrial drug testing
Index Term(s): Arizona; Services effectiveness; Urinalysis
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