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NCJ Number: 140023 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Gang Involvement and Delinquency Among Hispanic and African-American Adolescent Males
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:29  Issue:3  Dated:(August 1992)  Pages:273-291
Author(s): G D Curry; I A Spergel
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Gang Intelligence Strategy Committee

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 90-JD-CX-K-K001; G0086 10962
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The application of Rasch modeling to survey responses and official records of 139 Hispanic and 300 black males in the 6th through 8th grades at 4 Chicago inner-city schools in 1987 was used to construct incremental measures of gang involvement and juvenile delinquency.
Abstract: The schools were chosen by the Chicago Public Schools administration as middle schools with serious gang problems. The self-report survey questionnaires sought information about attitudes, perceptions, associations, symbolic behaviors, and activities that could most directly indicate gang involvement or readiness to be further involved in gang activity. In addition, self-report and official measures of delinquency were used to generate a single interval-level measure of delinquency. The data were analyzed using scale sequence and regression analyses. Results suggested that different social processes operate in gang involvement for the two ethnic populations. In both sets of cross-sectional data, the fitting of linear structural models revealed gang involvement to be an effective post-hoc estimator of delinquency for these youth, whereas delinquency is not an effective estimator of gang involvement. Tables, notes, and 49 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Adolescent attitudes; Black/African Americans; Hispanic Americans; Illinois
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