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NCJ Number: 140024 Find in a Library
Title: Wife Assault, Costs of Arrest, and the Deterrence Process
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:29  Issue:3  Dated:(August 1992)  Pages:292-310
Author(s): K R Williams; R Hawkins
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 19
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Data from a national panel survey of violence between married or cohabiting partners were used to determine the validity of a measurement strategy that distinguishes between the social costs of illegal acts and those produced by legal sanctions.
Abstract: The measurement strategy was based on a reconceptualization of deterrence. The survey was conducted by means of telephone interviews of adult couples in the summer and early fall of 1986 and 1987. The survey participants were asked to estimate the likelihood of assault costs (i.e., those resulting from the perpetration of assaultive acts against partners) compared to arrest costs (i.e., those resulting from an arrest for such behavior). Social costs included the loss of attachments, loss of respect from significant others, and loss of self- respect. The preliminary findings were consistent with the view that perceived arrest costs, more than assault costs, significantly influence the deterrence process, at least for this type of illegal behavior. Tables, notes, and 33 references
Main Term(s): Deterrence effectiveness; Domestic assault prevention
Index Term(s): Domestic assault; Domestic assault arrest policies; Restitution programs
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