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NCJ Number: 140026 Find in a Library
Title: Ecological and Behavioral Influences on Property Victimization at Home: Implications for Opportunity Theory
Journal: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency  Volume:29  Issue:3  Dated:(August 1992)  Pages:335-362
Author(s): J. P. Lynch; D. Cantor
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 86-IJ-CX-0085
Document: HTML
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Information from the National Crime Survey and the Victim Risk Supplement in 1984 was used to test criminal opportunity theories of victimization for the crimes of burglary and household larceny.
Abstract: The test included direct behavioral and ecological measures of concepts central to the theory. Ecological concepts were measured at several different levels of aggregation. Of particular importance was the introduction of a control for the dangerousness of the block in which the housing unit was located. Others included the environmental design of the housing unit, the degree of social disorganization in the neighborhood, the location of commercial establishments in the neighborhood, and the perceived dangerousness of the neighborhood. Measures of crucial behavioral concepts included the time spent in the house during the day and the time spent in the house during the evening. Results revealed that none of the environmental design variables had a significant effect on victimization. In addition, some elements of opportunity are a function of neighborhood, while others are a function of blocks. Results also contributed to a growing literature that finds no effect of security measures on the risk of burglary. The significance of the other ecological and behavioral measures differed by type of crime, indicating the need for separate models for burglary and household larceny. Several measurement problems limited this analysis and should be addressed in future research. Tables, notes, and 39 references
Main Term(s): Environmental influences; Opportunity theory
Index Term(s): Burglary causes; Crime specific countermeasures; Larceny/Theft; Property crime causes; Residential security
Note: NIJ Reprint
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=140026

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