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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 140027 Find in a Library
Title: Survey of Client Specific Planning of Programs and Their Feasibility As an Alternative to Incarceration in Canada
Author(s): M G Yeager
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 147
Sponsoring Agency: Canada Ministry of Supply and Services
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S5, Canada
Canada Solicitor General
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0P8, Canada
Contract Number: 1514-91/YE1-824
Publication Number: ISBN 0-662-19702-X
Sale Source: Canada Ministry of Supply and Services
123 Slater Street
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0S5,
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: A survey of 27 evaluations of client specific planning (CSP) focuses on the reasons for the failure of an early CSP project in Ottawa, Ontario, in Canada and on the potential feasibility of this alternative sentencing model in Canada.
Abstract: Database searches, a review of a periodicals, and letters to 46 criminal justice planning agencies in the United States were used to compile the evaluations. The most significant finding was that CSP, a form of sentencing advocacy designed to punish, supervise, and treat prison- bound offenders in the community, represents a paradigm shift and is therefore especially vulnerable to destabilization by traditional criminal justice institutions. In addition, the more a CSP project restricts its intake to prison-bound offenders, the greater chance that it will experience destabilization. Therefore, some degree of hostility is a sign of the success of such projects. Results also revealed that CSP is most effective as a means of decarceration, especially when used to close institutions. As a general form of sentencing advocacy, the courts have been willing to consider CSP proposals in about 70 percent of all cases. Furthermore, in six of the seven studies with control groups, CSP had a positive impact in either reducing the percent incarcerated or the jail time to be served. However, no significant difference was found in recidivism, except where massive transfers of institutional budgets have occurred to community-based programs. Footnotes, figures, appended background information, and list of the studies analyzed
Main Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Client specific planning
Index Term(s): Canada; Corrections effectiveness; Sentencing reform; United States of America
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