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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 140039 Find in a Library
Title: Childhood History of Abuse and Child Abuse Screening
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:16  Issue:5  Dated:(September-October 1992)  Pages:647-659
Author(s): J A Caliso; J S Milner
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 13
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A sample of 30 mothers who were physical child abusers, 30 nonabusive comparison mothers who reported a childhood history of physical abuse, and 30 nonabusive comparison mothers who reported no childhood history of abuse answered questions on a modified Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS) and the Child Abuse Potential (CAP) Inventory to determine the effects of a childhood history of abuse on adult child abuse potential.
Abstract: The results showed higher scores on the CTS verbal and violence scales for both the abusive mothers and the nonabusive mothers who had themselves been abused. None of the CTS scores were different for these groups. However, the CAP abuse scores were different for all three groups. The rigidity and unhappiness scores differentiated the abusers from the nonabusive comparison subjects who had been abused as children; these scales were the only measures that were not different for the two nonabusive comparison groups. The findings showed that nonabusive mothers with a childhood history of abuse were less rigid in their expectations from their children and happier in their interpersonal relationships than abusive mothers who had similar histories of childhood abuse. The results suggest that specific cognitive and affective treatments and skill training may help to reduce abuse potential in parents with a childhood history of abuse. 4 tables and 30 references
Main Term(s): Abusing parents; Comparative analysis
Index Term(s): Child abuse causes
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