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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 140041 Find in a Library
Title: Physically Abusive Parents and the 16-PF: A Preliminary Psychological Typology
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:16  Issue:5  Dated:(September-October 1992)  Pages:673-691
Author(s): C R Francis; H M Hughes; L Hitz
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 19
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (16-PF) was administered to a sample of 45 men and 37 women to identify the personality characteristics commonly found among abusive parents and to identify and describe any patterns that might exist among these characteristics such that a psychological typology might be derived.
Abstract: Cluster analysis revealed five distinct patterns which considered 81 of the 82 profiles submitted. Significant differences among the factors were found on 14 of the 16 personality factors. The first type was described as shy, withdrawn, apprehensive, sober and restrained; these parents were least well educated and had the most children. The second type of parent presented normal personality characteristics, had more education, and had fewer children. The third type was composed of compulsive, bold, dominant, and assertive people who tended to be manipulative in self- presentations, had high educational levels, and were older. Parents in the fourth cluster were passive and submissive, and came from families where both parents were abusive. The final group was isolated, suspicious, tense, apprehensive, and more likely to be psychologically disturbed. The results suggest that the 16-PF is an instrument potentially valuable to psychologists in their assessment of abusing parents and in their choice of appropriate interventions for a particular abuser and family. The results are limited, however, by the use of a small sample, the reliance upon the subjects' self-report, the narrow definition of physical child abuse used here, and the use of cluster analysis. 5 tables, 58 references, and 1 appendix
Main Term(s): Abusing parents; Personality assessment
Index Term(s): Behavior typologies; Cluster analysis
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