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NCJ Number: 140053 Find in a Library
Title: Youth Gangs: A 1990's Perspective
Journal: Juvenile and Family Court Journal  Volume:43  Issue:3  Dated:(1992)  Pages:25-31
Author(s): P Cromwell; D Taylor; W Palacios
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Aerospace Corporation
Washington, DC 20024
State University of New York
Plattsburgh, NY 12901
Sale Source: Aerospace Corporation
955 L'Enfant Plaza, SW
Suite 4000
Washington, DC 20024
United States of America

State University of New York
College of Arts and Science
Plattsburgh, NY 12901
United States of America
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The problem of youth gang activity is becoming more serious and increasingly widespread in the United States. The problem is also different from those gangs described in the classical studies of the 1950's and 1960's.
Abstract: The first problem to be addressed when studying the criminal behavior of gangs is the definitions of gangs, gang-related, and gang incident. One accepted definition of a gang employs three criteria: community recognition of the group, self-recognition by the group as a distinct entity, and enough illegal activities to attract the negative attention of law enforcement officials. Compared to gangs from two decades ago, contemporary gangs feature increased violence among female members, a wider age range that encompasses older members, and different motivations among members. While early studies indicated that youth joined gangs because of the poverty and alienation that afflicts urban immigrant groups, current research has suggested that gang members may have made a rational decision to become involved in organized crime subunits that specialize in drug distribution, car theft, extortion, and burglary. 41 notes
Main Term(s): Juvenile gang behavior patterns
Index Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
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