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NCJ Number: 140324 Find in a Library
Title: Trends in English Juvenile Delinquency and Their Explanation
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:16  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1992)  Pages:151-164
Author(s): D P Farrington
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 14
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Annual figures for convictions and cautions published by the Great Britain Home Office are used to analyze trends in juvenile delinquency in England and Wales between 1961 and 1989; delinquency here is defined as convictions or cautions of persons between the ages of 10 and 16 for indictable offenses.
Abstract: In general, the prevalence of juvenile delinquency increased to a peak in 1985 before declining between 1985 and 1989, while the number of all recorded crimes rose over the whole time period. However, many analysts have argued that the true rate of juvenile delinquency has probably increased steadily, as police have replaced many written cautions with unrecorded warnings. Some of the reasons cited by the author for the increase in juvenile offending include poor parenting skills, increasing numbers of children in families receiving welfare benefits, and increasing substance abuse, truancy, and opportunities for crime. The author emphasizes the need for repeated surveys of nationally representative samples of juveniles and corroborating data from official records and from parents. A comparative study of differences between countries in delinquency rates could provide useful information when designing delinquency prevention programs. 3 tables and 28 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency theory
Index Term(s): England; Juvenile delinquency prediction; Wales
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