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NCJ Number: 140330 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Delinquency in Post-Mao China
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:16  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1992)  Pages:263-272
Author(s): H Fu
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 10
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: In post-Mao China, where the government has focused its modernization efforts in the areas of agriculture, industry, science and technology, and national defense, juvenile delinquency has become a serious social problem.
Abstract: Authorities estimate that up to 70 percent of all arrested offenders are under the age of 25 and 30 percent are under the age of 18. Delinquents are committing their first offenses at an earlier age and the nature of their offenses is becoming more serious and violent. Between 40 and 60 percent of juvenile offenses are committed by gangs. Chinese criminologists explain the rise in delinquency as a result of disruption in the family structure, in school and work patterns, and in neighborhood organizations as well as a general crisis of belief among the broader population. While the Chinese juvenile justice system has been characterized by informality and wide social participation, the seriousness of the problem has forced the government to institutionalize and legalize control mechanisms. However, during the 1980's, the correction service replaced the police as the primary actor in community corrections efforts, which have centered around the establishment of halfway houses. 6 notes and 31 references
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile delinquency
Index Term(s): China; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Juvenile arrest trends; Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile/Youth Gangs
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=140330

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