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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 140391 Find in a Library
Title: Crisis Support, Attributional Style, Coping Style, and Post-Traumatic Symptoms
Journal: Personality Individual Differences  Volume:13  Issue:11  Dated:(1992)  Pages:1249-1251
Author(s): S Joseph; R Williams; W Yule
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 3
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This study examines factors that may mitigate post- traumatic symptoms precipitated by a crisis experience.
Abstract: Subjects of the study were 35 survivors from a cruise ship that was struck by an oil tanker. Subjects completed a battery of questionnaires that measured how they were coping with the effects of the disaster. Attributional style was assessed with the life-evaluation-and-attribution-of- responsibility questionnaire. Coping style was assessed with items selected from previous work on coping. The crisis support scale measures the support received from others following the crisis. Two stepwise multiple regression analyses were conducted to determine which of the personal and social variables were associated with symptoms. The study found that greater crisis support was associated with lower intrusive and avoidant symptoms over and above the personality variables of attributional style and coping style. The study also found that greater crisis support was associated with more internal responsibility for positive outcomes and more emotion-focused coping style. 8 references and an appended 30-item Coping Style Questionnaire
Main Term(s): Post-trauma stress disorder (PTSD)
Index Term(s): Crisis intervention; Victim reactions to crime
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