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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 140488 Find in a Library
Title: Sexual Abuse Prevention Education for Young Children: A Comparison of Teachers and Parents as Instructors
Journal: Child Abuse and Neglect  Volume:165  Issue:6  Dated:(November-December 1992)  Pages:865-876
Author(s): S K Wurtele; L C Kast; A M Melzer
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 12
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A sample of 172 Head Start preschool children were assigned to a personal safety program taught by their teachers, parents, or both teachers and parents, or to a general safety control program. Data were collected to evaluate the relative effectiveness of parents and teachers as instructors in sexual abuse prevention programs.
Abstract: Children taught the personal safety program by the three experimental groups exhibited greater knowledge of sexual abuse and personal safety skills immediately after program completion and at a 5-month followup interview than the control group. Children taught by their parents at home showed greater improvements in recognizing inappropriate touch requests and in personal safety skills compared to the group who received instruction only from their teachers. The home- based program had the advantages of small group instruction, individual tutoring, and longer amounts of time spent in instruction by parents compared to teachers. According to teacher reports, there were no significant between-group differences in the frequency of problem behaviors indicative of emotional distress that might have been caused by learning at home. Both parents and children found the at home instruction a positive experience. 2 tables and 30 references
Main Term(s): Child abuse prevention training; Child Sexual Abuse
Index Term(s): Parental influence; Program evaluation
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