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NCJ Number: 140565 Find in a Library
Title: Neighborhoods and Crime: The Dimensions of Effective Community Control
Author(s): R J Bursik Jr; H G Grasmick
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 238
Sponsoring Agency: Macmillan
New York, NY 10010
Publication Number: ISBN 0-669-24632-8
Sale Source: Macmillan
175 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10010
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on empirical research and a review of the literature, this volume examines the community dynamics related to crime; reformulates the social disorganization model into a broader, systemic approach; describes attempts by local communities to create and maintain neighborhood- based crime prevention programs; and discusses policy implications.
Abstract: The authors argue that social disorganization theory has ignored the formal and informal networks of association that shape neighborhood life. Thus, they expand the model to consider the role of networks of community residents, schools, churches, other community institutions, and agencies located outside the neighborhood. The analysis focuses on reasons why residents of some communities commit more crimes than residents of other communities and why residents of particular neighborhoods are victimized at higher rates than residents of other areas. It also considers the neighborhood resident as the unit of analysis to examine the systemic sources of fear of crime. Additional chapters focus on the implications of the systemic control approach for understanding gangs and gang behavior and designing effective neighborhood crime control programs. Notes, index, and over 300 references
Main Term(s): Community resources; Crime causes theory
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Crime Control Programs; Crime prevention planning; Social control theory
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