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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 140667 Find in a Library
Title: Criteria for Custody: The Role of Appeals
Journal: Criminal Law Review  Dated:(August 1992)  Pages:568-571
Author(s): C Stanley
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 4
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This paper considers the role of appeals in the successful reduction of custodial sentences for offenders under age 21 since the enactment of the 1982 Criminal Justice Act and the potential effect of the use of such appeals on the adult prison population.
Abstract: The criteria for custody that were established for youthful offenders in 1982 were refined in the Criminal Justice Act 1988 and have been extended to include adult offenders as a result of the 1991 Criminal Justice Act, which will be implemented in October 1992. The criteria were intended to restrict the use of custody. Research by Burley showed that magistrates initially often ignored the criteria. However, appeals of the custodial sentences increased rapidly from 2,348 in 1983 to 3,985 in 1985 and then declined to 994 in 1989. A substantial proportion of the appeals were successful, while very few resulted in an increased sentence. More recent data indicate that the 1988 Criminal Justice Act had little effect on the number of appeals against custodial sentences, although it appears to have affected the number of custodial sentences for youths ages 17-20. The courts appeared to have applied the 1988 criteria more rigorously from the start. It remains to be seen whether the 1991 law will result in the application of the restrictions on custodial sentences to all offenders over age 21. Footnotes
Main Term(s): Foreign sentencing; Legislative impact
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Foreign laws; Great Britain/United Kingdom
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