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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 140739 Find in a Library
Title: Criminal Justice Act 1991 Implications for Juvenile and Young Adult Offenders
Corporate Author: National Assoc for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NACRO)
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Assoc for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NACRO)
London, SW9 0PU
Sale Source: National Assoc for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NACRO)
169 Clapham Road
United Kingdom
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Changes incorporated in England's Criminal Justice Act of 1991 affect juvenile and young adult offenders between 10 and 21 years of age.
Abstract: The Act introduces a new framework for custodial sentencing that applies to all cases, including detention under Section 53 of the Children and Young Persons Act of 1933 (except where the penalty is fixed by law, i.e., murder cases). When a court considers a custodial sentence, it is required to form an opinion on various matters, such as offense seriousness, public protection, and sentence length. Further, the Act requires the courts to avoid discrimination against any person on the grounds of race or sex. The Act abolishes the sentence of detention in young offender institutions for 14-year-old males. Minimum sentence length in young offender institutions is increased to 2 months for offenders under 18 years. There is a 12-month maximum for juveniles, and this limit is extended to 17-year-olds. Community sentences may involve one or more of the following orders: probation, community service, combination, curfew, supervision, and/or attendance center order. The Act renames the juvenile court the youth court, introduces substantial changes to the arrangements for remanding juvenile offenders, and contains provisions designed to reinforce parental responsibility for young offenders. 3 references
Main Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems; Young adult offenders
Index Term(s): England; Foreign juvenile delinquency; Foreign laws; Foreign sentencing; Juvenile detention; Juvenile offenders; Juvenile sentencing
Note: NACRO Briefing
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