skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 140815 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Psychiatric Symptoms and DWI (Driving While Intoxicated) Offenders
Journal: Alcohol and Alcoholism, Supplement 1  Dated:(1991)  Pages:493-496
Author(s): E A Pristach; T H Nochajski; W F Wieczorek; B A Miller; B Greene
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Admin
Washington, DC 20590
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article reports on a study of the utility of psychiatric symptoms for the identification of potential drunk-driving recidivists.
Abstract: The sample consisted of 184 convicted drunk-driving offenders; 81 were first-time drunk-driving offenders, and 103 were repeat offenders. Two urban counties in New York State were used as sources for the sample. The study focused on the depression, anxiety, psychoticism, somatization, and obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions of the SCL-90-R self-report psychopathology inventory. The results show a linear trend for the levels of psychiatric symptomatology. Non-patient normals and nondependent drunk-driving offenders reported lower levels of symptomatology than alcohol- dependent drunk-driving offenders, and alcohol-dependent offenders reported lower levels of symptomatology than psychiatric outpatients. Once there was control for alcohol dependence, however, no differences were found in the levels of symptomatology for first and repeat offenders. This suggests that the utility of psychiatric severity resides in the association with an alcohol diagnosis. Thus, the use of psychiatric symptom checklists could prove useful for identifying potential problem drinkers and problem areas that may be addressed in any treatment or intervention planning for individuals. 2 tables and 8 references
Main Term(s): Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Psychological influences on crime
Index Term(s): Psychological evaluation; Recidivism
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=140815

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.