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NCJ Number: 140832 Find in a Library
Title: Procedural Justice and Culture
Journal: International Journal of Psychology  Volume:27  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1992)  Pages:227-242
Author(s): E A Lind; P C Earley
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 16
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This article discusses the implications of procedural justice research for traditional exchange-theory concepts and for the distinction between collectivistic and individualistic cultures in cross-cultural psychology.
Abstract: A review of procedural justice research reveals serious shortcomings in the exchange theories that have traditionally dominated Western analyses of the social psychology of groups. Results of a number of studies conducted in the United States and Western Europe indicate that individualistic, self-interest-based models of human behavior are insufficient to explain the phenomena of procedural justice. Instead, procedural-justice effects often reveal strong group-oriented concerns and motivations even in cultural contexts generally thought to be characterized by individualistic orientations. The research literature also indicates that if a group's procedures are judged to be fair, people are more likely to show group- oriented behavior and to hold more favorable attitudes toward the group and its leaders. These findings have led to the development of a theory of justice judgments--the Lind and Tyler group-value theory--which is based on group norms and relations rather than on social-exchange theory. The authors describe a general model of social behavior that integrates group-oriented and individually oriented behavior, and they discuss the implications of the model for social and cross-cultural psychology. 1 figure, 3 tables, 39 references, and an article abstract in French
Main Term(s): Criminal procedures
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Social psychology
Note: From a special issue entitled, "Social Psychological Approaches to Responsibility and Justice: The View Across Cultures."
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