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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 141039 Find in a Library
Title: Gang as an American Enterprise
Author(s): F M Padilla
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 205
Sponsoring Agency: Rutgers University Press
Piscataway, NJ 08854-8099
Publication Number: ISBN 0-8135-1806-7
Sale Source: Rutgers University Press
100 Joyce Kilmer Avenue
Piscataway, NJ 08854-8099
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The Diamonds (a fictitious name) represent a group of second-generation Puerto Rican youth who belong to a Chicago street gang.
Abstract: Like other youth gangs in Chicago, the Diamonds are made up of several sections or subgroups, with corresponding turfs in different geographic areas of the particular neighborhood they claim to have under control. Section turfs are saturated with distinctive cultural symbols of the gang. The most prominent method for communicating or displaying these symbols involves graffiti painted on building walls and car garages. The views and behavior of Diamond members have been influenced by an ideology of cultural resistance-- an oppositional behavior challenging the dominant culture's premise that respect and obedience will ultimately be exchanged for knowledge and success. The story of the Diamonds is recounted in terms of the neighborhood, the school experience, relations with the police, the process of becoming a gang member, gang drug dealing, consequences of gang participation, and the hope of some gang members to make something of themselves. 37 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
Index Term(s): Cultural influences; Graffiti; Illinois; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Puerto Rico
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