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NCJ Number: 141077 Find in a Library
Title: Report to the Virginia Council on Juvenile Detention: Conditions of Confinement in Juvenile Detention Facilities
Author(s): S Burrell; S Wilber
Corporate Author: Youth Law Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Youth Law Ctr
San Francisco, CA 94104
Type: Survey
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report summarizes findings from site visits to five juvenile detention homes in Virginia, highlights areas of potential liability in the detention homes, and provides general guidance on liability as it might apply to detention homes and the State.
Abstract: The detention homes were located in northern Virginia, Richmond, Norfolk, Newport News, and Tidewater. The authors made brief observations of the facilities, but did not interview line staff at length, did not interview children, and did not review written policies and procedures. Nevertheless, the observations support serious concerns about potential liability in several areas. The homes were all severely overcrowded, with children sleeping in the bathroom in one home. The overcrowding prevents staff from appropriately placing children who would be placed in private rooms due to assaultive behavior or difficulties in groups. Other problems include the use of mechanical restraints, deficiencies in educational programs, inadequate recreational programs, inadequate medical care and mental health services, staff exhaustion and lack of training, serious fire and safety hazards, overrepresentation of minorities, and other problems. Recommended changes to address these problems include more restrictive detention criteria, an increase in non-secure alternatives to detention, and a prohibition on the use of fixed restraints. Additional recommendations and case law citations
Main Term(s): Juvenile detention; Legal liability
Index Term(s): Facility conditions; Juvenile detention reform; Negligence; Overcrowding; Virginia
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