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NCJ Number: 141167 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Gang Violence in Texas Prisons
Journal: Prison Journal  Volume:71  Issue:2  Dated:(Fall-Winter 1991), 38-49
Author(s): P H Ralph; J W Marquart
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The history of inmate gangs and gang violence in Texas prisons is described, with emphasis on the impacts of the current strategy of administrative segregation of gang members.
Abstract: Texas prisons were relatively free of gangs until the mid-1970's, as a result of the strict control system and the suppression of racial tension by means of racial segregation. However, inmate gangs have posed a serious challenge for corrections managers for more than a decade. Currently, the prison system has 9 gangs with more than 50 members. The level of violence increased dramatically in 1984 and 1985, when 52 murders, 90 percent gang-related, occurred. To reduce gang control over prisons, the prison administration identified all known gang members in the prison system and placed them in administrative segregation, where they were single celled and locked down for 23 hours a day. In 1991, more than 1,500 known gang members were locked in administrative segregation. This control method has effectively limited the amount of violence, but its impacts on the inmate and the community are unknown. In addition, locking down identified gang members has not stopped the trafficking of drugs and contraband into the prison. New members are not as easy to identify as the original members, and new gangs have formed since the lockdown occurred. Thus, Texas officials have not solved the gang problem and will probably see more gangs in the future. Figures, notes, and 7 references
Main Term(s): Prison Gangs/Security Threat Groups; Prison management
Index Term(s): Inmate discipline; Inmate segregation; Solitary confinement; Texas; Violent inmates
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