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NCJ Number: 141365 Find in a Library
Title: Gun Ownership and Fatal Events: A Look on Suicide and Homicide from an International Perspective
Author(s): M Killias
Date Published: Unknown
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: University of Lausanne
Lausanne, Switzerland
Sale Source: University of Lausanne
Institute of Scientific Police and Criminology
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: Switzerland
Annotation: The impact of gun availability on such fatal events as suicide and homicide has been a subject of considerable debate, and comparative research data from different countries on the extent of gun ownership are lacking.
Abstract: To rectify the lack of comparative data, the international crime survey was conducted through computer- assisted telephone interviews with 28,000 randomly selected respondents in 14 countries (Australia, Belgium, Canada, England and Wales, Finland, France, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Norway, Scotland, Spain, Switzerland, Germany, and the United States). Respondents were asked if they had any firearms in their households. It was found that gun ownership rates varied widely, from as low as 2 percent in the Netherlands to 48 percent in the United States; Canada was somewhat average with 29 percent. To evaluate suicide and homicide rates involving firearms, data were obtained from World Health Organization mortality statistics. Analysis revealed that suicides and homicides committed with guns increased in proportion to gun ownership rates. In general, however, the data suggested that widespread gun ownership did not reduce the likelihood of fatal events committed with means other than guns. Implications of the findings for policymakers and directions for additional research are discussed. 20 references, 1 table, and 5
Main Term(s): Firearm-crime relationships
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Europe; Gun Control; Homicide; International crime statistics; Suicide; United States of America; US/foreign comparisons; Weapons violations
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