skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 141606 Find in a Library
Journal: Crime, Law and Social Change  Volume:19  Issue:2  Dated:(March 1993)  Pages:103-142
Author(s): P C Van Duyne
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 40
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: Based on empirical research, this article profiles organized fraud in the Netherlands.
Abstract: The findings are based on information from court files; police criminal-investigation reports, including cases and suspects that were not brought to trial; confidential police information that could be supported by other information; and inland revenue files, land registry, and other written sources. Police investigators were also interviewed. The study encompasses 19 drug enterprises, 21 business crime enterprises, and 6 criminal groups that could not be considered as enterprises or organizations because of their low degree of organization, but which were still interesting as the criminal basis for many criminal enterprises. Organized crime is analyzed within the framework of the enterprise theory, which considers criminals as entrepreneurs trading in forbidden goods or services. Large- scale organized criminal enterprises perpetrate fraud in such business arenas as the meat market, electronic equipment industry, the toxic waste industry, and the stock market. In most schemes the criminal enterprises exploit the price wedge between the cost price and the price due to taxes and government regulations. In the organized toxic waste scams, the authorities are suspected to be heavily involved. Money laundering operations are conducted either by the criminal enterprises themselves or by specialized firms. The research indicates that some "branches" of business crime-enterprises have links with tradition drug- trafficking enterprises. 41 notes and 65 references
Main Term(s): Fraud; Organized crime
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Criminal infiltration of business
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.