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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 141666 Find in a Library
Title: Looking Back on 200 Years of Valuable Contributions
Journal: Corrections Today  Volume:54  Issue:6  Dated:(August 1992)  Pages:76-78,80,82,84-87
Author(s): J B Morton
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 9
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: During the 200-year history of corrections in the United States, women have been active in roles across the full spectrum of adult and juvenile corrections, probation, parole, and correctional institutions.
Abstract: A review of recent studies and a 1990 mail survey of the heads of State corrections agencies and affiliates and committees of the American Correctional Association (ACA) revealed that women have also led efforts at correctional reform. Beginning in the mid-1800's, they also chaired and served on boards and citizen committees overseeing correctional agencies. After gaining the right to vote and hold office in 1920, women made and administered legislation and served as citizen volunteers. They also provided administrative and clerical support; had leadership roles in forming and developing ACA and other professional organizations; and worked in nontraditional roles and settings as corrections administrators, professionals, and specialists. In 1990, women made up about 28 percent of the ACA membership. In the future, they will continue to make significant contributions to corrections. Photographs and 19 references
Main Term(s): Females; History of corrections
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; Equal opportunity employment; Female correctional guards; Female recruitment
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