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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 141729 Find in a Library
Title: Military Drug Positive Rates in the European Theater Drug Rates in Europe
Journal: Journal of Forensic Sciences  Volume:38  Issue:2  Dated:(March 1993)  Pages:259-265
Author(s): J S Little; B J Lukey; E T Shimomura; L S Fuhrmann
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 7
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Urine samples collected from Air Force and Army service members stationed in Europe are routinely tested for drugs using radioimmunoassay and gas chromatography/mass spectroscopy (GC/MS). This study describes the trend in drug use among U.S. military personnel between 1985 and 1991, based on these urinalysis results.
Abstract: The overall positive rate for the reporting period showed minimal impact from the modifications to the testing menus implemented throughout the years. Despite a fairly constant number of samples, the proportion of samples that tested positive for drugs decreased from 4.67 percent in 1985 to 0.69 percent in 1991. The findings showed that marijuana was the most commonly abused drug of those tested during this time period in the European Theater. Cocaine use was recorded at less than 0.1 percent for the entire period; it also appears that barbiturates are not widely used among American servicemen in Europe. The authors conclude that the U.S. Army policy against illicit drug use is having a positive deterrent affect by reducing the use and abuse of drugs within the military. 4 figures and 18 references
Main Term(s): Drug use; Urinalysis
Index Term(s): Chromatography; Europe; Mass spectroscopy; Military crime
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