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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 141780 Find in a Library
Title: LAWFUL USE OF FORCE BY A STATE AGAINST TERRORISTS IN ANOTHER COUNTRY (FROM TERRORISM AND POLITICAL VIOLENCE: LIMITS AND POSSIBILITIES OF LEGAL CONTROL, P 243-266, 1993, HENRY H HAN, ED. -- SEE NCJ-141768)
Author(s): O Schachter
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Oceana Publications, Inc
Dobbs Ferry, NY 10522
Sale Source: Oceana Publications, Inc
75 Main Street
Dobbs Ferry, NY 10522
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper considers the requirements of international law for the use of armed force by a state against terrorists in another country.
Abstract: The paper's format is an objective analysis of the relevant law, much as a hypothetical international court would be expected to do. The underlying premise of the analysis is that all states are bound by common rules of international law, particularly by the principles of the United Nations Charter concerning the use of force. The discussion first reviews the legal definition of international terrorism and the pertinent obligations of states. This is followed by a summary of the various situations that have involved or may involve extraterritorial use of force by states against terrorism. This section refers to terrorist conduct that precipitates forcible responses, the categories of states that take such forcible action, and the relationship of the terrorist to the regime of the state in which they are located. The analysis then turns to the relevant principles of law on the use of force in another country. The first section considers the basic prohibition of force in the charter and customary law and its application to extraterritorial acts against terrorism. The second section examines self-defense as a permissible use of force. Particular attention is given to the requirement of armed attack as a condition for self- defense. The criteria of "necessity" and "proportionality" are also discussed. The third section considers whether or not forcible action against terrorists may be taken in circumstances where the conditions for self-defense do not apply. The paper notes in the concluding remarks that international law holds governments accountable both for failures to combat terrorism and for unrestrained and indiscriminate violence in retaliation. 60 notes
Main Term(s): International law; International terrorism
Index Term(s): Extraterritorial jurisdiction; Lawful use of force
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=141780

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