skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 141870 Find in a Library
Title: Conditions of Confinement
Journal: Juvenile Justice  Volume:1  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring/Summer 1993)  Pages:2-7
Author(s): D G Parent
Corporate Author: Abt Associates, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: Abt Associates, Inc
Cambridge, MA 02138
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF|Text
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study assesses the conditions of confinement for juveniles, based both on national standards and on the needs of juveniles.
Abstract: The study, conducted in 1991, included a survey of 984 public and private detention centers, reception centers, training schools, and juvenile ranches in the United States. Twelve facility conditions were investigated: living space; medical services; food, clothing, and hygiene; living accommodations; security; suicide prevention; inspections and emergency preparedness; education; recreation; mental health services; access to the community; and limits on staff discretion. For each assessment area, one or more assessment criteria were defined, yielding a total of 43 assessment criteria. Study data were obtained from the 1991 Children in Custody Census, a mail survey of the 984 facilities, and 2-day site visits to 95 facilities. The study concluded that although few facilities were completely free of deficiencies, only a small group failed to meet a large number of assessment criteria. Confinement conditions were generally adequate in the three important areas of food, clothing, and hygiene; recreation; and living accommodations. Problems were found in the areas of crowding, inmate security, suicide prevention, and timely health screenings and appraisals. The study recommends that standard-setting organizations such as the American Correctional Association and the National Commission on Correctional Health Care should revise their standards to incorporate goals that facilities can work toward and against which their performance can be measured. 5 notes and a 5-item annotated bibliography
Main Term(s): Juvenile correctional facilities; Prison conditions
Index Term(s): Juvenile inmates; Juveniles
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.