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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 141927 Find in a Library
Author(s): S Young Hee
Date Published: 1992
Page Count: 28
Sponsoring Agency: Korean Institute of Criminology
Seoul 137-140, Korea
Sale Source: Korean Institute of Criminology
142 Woomyon-Dong Socho-GU
Seoul 137-140,
Korea, South
Type: Conference Material
Language: English
Country: Korea, South
Annotation: This paper presents results from a victimization survey of 2,000 Seoul (Korea) citizens to determine the true incidence of crime in Seoul in 1990, patterns of reporting, risk factors for victimization, and people's responses to crime.
Abstract: A comparison of the victimization rate for Seoul with other large cities of the world with over 100,000 inhabitants showed that Seoul had the highest rate for robbery and was the second highest in personal theft (after Warsaw, Poland). The rate for reporting crime to police was low in Seoul, except for car theft, burglary, and assault. A total of 51.2 percent of the respondents reported they were satisfied with the police. The highest victimization rate was found among those who lived in villas, followed by those who lived in a house and those who lived in apartments. This was true for both car-related and burglary victimization. Persons who engaged in frequent nighttime activities outside the home and those who frequently left their homes vacant for 2 or 3 days tended to have higher victimization rates. This is because such people are more vulnerable to victimization outside the home, and their residences are frequently left without protection. Persons who had been victimized tended to be more fearful of victimization, and they also tended to take more precautionary measures. The use of caretakers was effective in crime prevention, but keeping lights on and having neighbors watch the premises had limited effect. 36 references
Main Term(s): Offense statistics; Victimization surveys
Index Term(s): Crime prevention planning; Fear of crime; Foreign crime statistics; Public Opinion of the Police
Note: From an international conference on "Crime and Crime Control: Past, Present, and Future," held on October 15-17, 1991.
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